With Turkey’s 1 November snap elections approaching, political parties rallied amidst increasing security concerns as a result of the 10 October Ankara twin bombing. The deadliest attack in recent history comes after the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) announced a ceasefire on 9 October. The attack was attributed to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). Turkey’s incumbent Justice and Development Party (AK Party) has proven strong in initial polls, but concerns regarding the freedom of press surrounding the election were raised after the seizure of Koza İpek Holding on 26 October. Turkey remained involved in the fight against ISIL and the PKK. Two Russian violations of Turkish airspace created frictions between Russia and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). The refugee crisis resulting from the ongoing Syria conflict has led Turkey and the European Union (EU) to accelerate talks surrounding Turkish visa rights and EU membership.