Somalia / by Lewis McKinnon

In the midst of pre-existing tensions between Kenya and Somalia, Somalia submitted a 150 page case against Kenya’s offshore territorial claims to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) on 13 July. On 28 July, Mohamed Osman Jawari and Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke announced that one-person-one-vote federal elections will not be feasible in 2016, despite previous plans. Furthermore, an al-Shabaab attack left 14 people dead in Kenya’s Mandera County. On 16 July, high-ranking al-Shabaab militants were killed in a US drone strike on a convoy in Somalia’s Gedo region. In addition, a cargo ship carrying approximately 3000 animals sunk near the Gulf of Aden on 12 July. For the first time in several decades, the International Monetary Fund issued a review of economic progress made by Somalia.

In Somaliland, a member of Somali Parliament was arrested upon returning to Somaliland from Mogadishu on 2 July. Following a politically significant ruling by Somaliland’s High Court in favour of opposition parties on 23 July, President Ahmed Mahmud Silanyo used decrees to rearrange membership of the bench. Additionally, Hargeisa’s Police Chief issued a statement on 12 July promising tightened security in response to the end of Ramadan. Finally, fiber-optic broadband internet technology is rapidly becoming available in Hargeisa and other cities in Somaliland. On 12 July, it was announced that Dahabshiil, a major money-transfer firm, will be making a significant donation to Yemeni refugees settled in Somaliland.