The President of the Conference of the Parties (COP22) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) hailed the ratification by China and the United States of the Paris Agreement, on 4 September. The Moroccan Minister Delegate to the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Nasser Bourita, signed the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation (TAC) on behalf of Morocco on 6 September. Morocco will create a regional think tank based on the role of women in peacekeeping operations, as well as their contribution to sustainable development. National elections, which will be held on 7 October in Morocco, will be supervised by 4,000 observers; it was announced on 9 September. A new tripartite partnership to protect the Mediterranean Sea was agreed between Morocco, France and Monaco on 16 September at the Our Ocean conference in Washington DC. The African Union (AU) expressed its concern over tensions in the Guerguerat region of Morocco in a statement on 7 September. Morocco’s General Directorate for National Territory Surveillance dismantled an Islamic State (IS) cell on 7 September. The Head of MINURSO met with the separatist group the Polisario Front on 8 September to discuss tensions over the Guerguerat region of southern Morocco. Six million tourists visited Morocco in the first half of 2016, data released on 8 September shows. Morocco’s trade deficit widened by 13 per cent in the first eight months of 2016 according to new data. Morocco’s Central Bank increased its growth expectations for the country, from 1.2 per cent up to 1.4 per cent on 27 September. Morocco postponed the decision to implement a fully flexible exchange rate system until the second half of 2017.