September was another month impacted by post-coup arrests and dismissals of public officials. Large numbers of judges and prosecutors were dismissed along with members of the air force and the national security service. The grip is tightened around the Kurds too, as over 11,000 teachers were fired and 20 TV and radio channels were ordered to close due to their alleged ties to the PKK and their views. Fifty people were wounded by a car bomb blast in Van, 12 September. As Turkey announced their border to Syria secure from Islamic State (IS) militants, they opened up for the possibility of having it be a no-fly zone to host Syrian refugees. Needing cooperation with both Russia and USA it seems unlikely, but Turkey has suggested its wiliness to cooperate with Russia in Syria. In economic news Turkey pledged $3.4 billion to reconstruct the Southeast, Moody’s downgraded Turkish sovereign debt rating to ‘junk’ as a result of the post-coup climate and the Turkish stream pipeline moved closer to fruition, as Russo-Turkish relations are amiable.