Egypt / by Lewis McKinnon

Egyptian authorities attempted to shut down Egypt's main non-government organisations (NGO) that treat torture victims on 5 April, the second time they had attempted to do so. Saudi Arabia’s King Salman made his first official visit to Egypt on 7 April. Hezbollah denounced Egyptian satellite company NileSat’s decision to stop its broadcast of Hezbollah’s Al-Manar TV station. Due to a lack of progress in the investigation of the torture and murder of Giulio Regeni, Italy recalled its ambassador to Cairo. United States (US) Senator Lindsey Graham made an ambitious proposal to rebuild Egypt and other Middle East trouble spots on 8 April. As a result of his visit to Egypt, Saudi Arabia's King Salman announced the plans for a bridge connecting Saudi Arabia to Egypt. In return for the loans provided by Saudi Arabia, Egypt announced that it would be returning sovereignty of Tiran and Sanafir to Saudi Arabia. US officials announced on 12 April that the rise of an Islamic State faction in Egypt is prompting the US to consider changing or scaling back its military presence in the Sinai Peninsula. At Egypt’s request, the Hamas government in Gaza redeployed its forces along the border with Egypt on 21 April. Three policemen were killed in a roadside bombing in the north of the Sinai Peninsula on 27 April. According to a survey released on 5 April, business activity in Egypt shrank for the sixth straight month. Following a visit by French president François Hollande, Egyptian-French Business Council leaders expect French investments in Cairo to increase by 10 per cent in 2017. United Arab Emirates President Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan pledged $4 billion to boost Egypt’s economy.