The most defining event of July was the failed coup d’état that occurred on the evening of 15 July. The coup attempt was led by a military faction, who vowed to 'protect democracy from President Erdogan; however, the coup ultimately failed due to a lack of support among the public and military. The failed coup led to a strong crackdown against educators, police, armed forces, and the media. A three-month state of emergency was declared, granting President Erdogan additional powers. The army has lost influence and over 15,000 people have been detained as a result of the coup attempt. It is believed that the coup attempt was led by army defectors who were alleged supporters of Fetullah Gulen, a United States (US)-based cleric; however, Gulen has denied these claims. WikiLeaks published the first 300,000 of their emails from the incumbent AK Party’s mailboxes. The Baghdad bombings may improve Turkish-Iraqi relations. Turkey has closed additional border locations to curb the flow of terrorists into Syria. The attempted coup has had serious consequences for financial markets in Turkey. Tourism reached a historic low, but the return of Russian tourists may generate some revenue.