Egypt / by Lewis McKinnon

The International Olympic Committee (IOC) sent Egyptian judoka Islam El Shehaby home from the Rio Olympics after he refused to shake the hand of Israeli Or Sasson after the end of their match. Safaa Hegazy, director of state-run Egyptian radio and television, barred eight anchorwomen from appearing on the air for a month because they were overweight. An Egyptian court ordered the release of a rights lawyer, Malek Adly, who was held without charge in solitary confinement for over 100 days after defying President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi. Egypt's parliament approved a law to regulate the construction of churches. Egypt's parliament adopted amendments that put harsher punishments in place for perpetrators of female genital mutilation. The Egyptian military announced on 4 August that it killed the head of the Sinai branch of Islamic State (IS). According to Egypt’s state television, former Grand Mufti Ali Gomaa, once one of the country's top religious authorities, survived an assassination attempt on 5 August. According to a Reuters source, Egypt's central bank closed 48 foreign exchange bureaus in 2016 for trading at black market rates and other violations. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) agreed in principle to grant Egypt a $12 billion three-year loan facility. A Hepatitis A outbreak in the United States was linked to frozen strawberries from Egypt. In an attempt to generate state revenue, Egypt's parliament agreed to establish a value-added tax of 13 per cent. Egypt signed an agreement with Cyprus on 31 August to receive gas via undersea pipelines.