Nigeria / by Michelle Ryan

President Buhari composed a delegation of officials tasked with ensuring that Yahya Jammeh peacefully step down as President of Gambia. The Committee to Protect Journalists stated that Nigeria’s army chief must stop intimidating news websites and drop defamation charges. The International Organisation for Migration (IOM) has expressed concern about the rise in in the number of Nigerian women travelling by boat from Libya to Italy. Despite the government’s assertions that Boko Haram has been defeated, tens of thousands of displaced people from the northeast of Nigeria are being prevented from returning home. Boko Haram attacked an army base in Yobe state on 7 January leading to the deaths of 5 soldiers and 15 militants. A suicide bombing occurred on 16 January at University of Maiduguri which killed 4, including the attacker. The police commissioner of Borno state announced that on 24 January, suspected Boko Haram fighters killed three people and kidnapped seven women in an attack on Ndagu village. On 17 January the Nigerian military accidentally bombed a camp holding around 43,000 internally displaced people in Raan, near the Cameroonian border. The governor of Borno province accused aid agencies of profiting from funds provided to help those affected by the Boko Haram insurgency. In response to Shettima’s accusations, UN Humanitarian Coordinator Edward Kallon flew to Maiduguri to discuss his damaging comments. Nigeria’s Senate is investigating accusations that government agents are stealing food aid. Oil production in Nigeria fell by 200,000 barrels per day (bpd) to 1.45 million bpd in December. The Nigeria Union of Petroleum and Natural Gas planned and staged numerous strikes in January. The lack of access to foreign currency, in particular US dollars, continues to be a significant drag on the economy as the black market rate is around 500 naira per dollar. This is in contrast to the official rate of around 315.

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