Nigeria / by Alistair Galloway

Human insecurity due to food shortages in the north east of the country remains a pressing concern as President of the UN Security Council, Matthew Rycroft, said the issue was not getting sufficient attention. The President has returned to Nigeria after spending two months in London. Nigeria continues to experience regular episodes of violence, both linked to terrorism and inter-communal conflicts. On 15 March four female teenage suicide bombers blew themselves up in the Muna Garage residential area of Maiduguri, after knocking on the door of a house and then detonating their bombs when the door was answered. The focus on individual homes is a new tactic. Two people were killed and sixteen injured. Five adult male suicide bombers attacked various points of the Maiduguri-Gamboru highway in Maiduguri on 23 March. At least 8 were killed and 20 injured. One of the bombers struck at the Muna camp for displaced people on the outskirts of the city, killing two civilians. Continuing tensions between Muslim nomadic Fulani cattle herders and Christian farmers led to a clash on 21 March which resulted in 17 people –mostly women and children – being killed after gunmen invaded a farming community in Zaki Biyam in Benue State. A week earlier 10 people were killed in the Buruku area of Benue State in similar clash a week earlier. A Presidential advisor has warned that the amnesty programme for former oil militants is running out of funding. Inflation has slowed from 18.7 per cent to 17.8 per cent in the past month. The government has announced plans to sell stakes in oil ventures; international investors will be reluctant.